Brazil Updates Regulation for Food Contact Plastics and Polymeric Coatings

Brazil has established a positive list of additives for
food contact plastics and polymeric coatings.

Published on December 4, 2019 by the Brazilian
National Health Surveillance Agency (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária,
ANVISA), Resolution of the Collegiate Board of Directors No. 326 of December 3,
2019 (Resolução de Diretoria Colegiada No. 326, de 3 de Dezembro de 2019, RDC
326/2019) establishes a positive list of additives
for food contact plastics and polymeric coatings. It does not include:

  • Polymerization aids
  • Non-intentionally added substances (NIAS) – impurities, reaction intermediates and decomposed products (substances that are present in food
    contact materials and articles (FCMs) but are not added during the
    manufacturing process

The new Technical Regulation, transposed from Mercosur
GCM Resolution No. 39/2019, contains several important provisions. These

  • A
    positive list of more than 1,000 substances
  • Restrictions
    for nine metals in authorized acids, phenols or alcohols:
    1. Aluminum
      (Al): ≤ 1 mg/kg
    2. Barium
      (Ba): ≤ 1 mg/kg
    3. Cobalt
      (Co): ≤ 0.05 mg/kg
    4. Copper
      (Cu): ≤ 5 mg/kg
    5. Iron
      (Fe): ≤ 48 mg/kg
    6. Lithium
      (Li): ≤ 0.6 mg/kg
    7. Manganese
      (Mn): ≤ 0.6 mg/kg
    8. Nickel
      (Ni): ≤ 0.02 mg/kg
    9. Zinc
      (Zn): ≤ 5 mg/kg
  • Restrictions
    for five phthalates (specific migration limit):
    1. Benzyl
      butyl phthalate (BBP): ≤ 30 mg/kg
    2. Dibutyl
      phthalate (DBP): ≤ 0.3 mg/kg
    3. Bis(2-ethylhexyl)
      phthalate (DEHP) :
      ≤ 1.5 mg/kg
    4. Diisodecyl
      phthalate (DIDP) & Diisononyl phthalate (DINP): ≤ 9 mg/kg (total)
  • Solvents
    with a boiling point of less than 150 °C not in Table 1 of the technical
    regulation can be used, providing they are not substances known to be
    carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic (CMR), and each of their migration
    values is not greater than 0.01 mg/kg

Stakeholders should also be aware that there is a
separate limit for the five phthalates when in plasticized materials for food
contact plastics used by children aged zero to three years old. In all cases
the limit is ≤ 0.1%.

Unless stated in Table 1 ‘Positive List of Additives’
of the technical regulation, the sum of primary aromatic amines (PAAs) must not
be greater than 0.01 mg/kg in 3% acetic acid
(simulant B)

It should also be noted, the specifications for
regenerated cellulose and DINP, and salts of cis-1,2-cyclohexanedicarboxylic
acid, were rectified in the Brazilian Official Gazette (Diário Oficial da
União, DOU) of January 2, 2020.

Brazil’s latest Technical Regulation for food contact plastics repeals Resolution
RDC No. 17 of March 17, 2008. It will come into effect on
June 1, 2020 – 180 days after it was published in the DOU.

SGS Food Contact Material Services

SGS’s technical experts have extensive experience of testing materials and
articles in contact with food. They can ensure that your products meet the
appropriate regulations for food contact materials and pave the way for
compliance. SGS offers the full range of testing, including migration tests,
along with expert advice on emerging regulations, compliance issues and
documentation review.
Learn more about SGS’s Food Contact Material Services.

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Brazil Establishes List of Additives for Food Contact
Plastics and Polymeric Coatings

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For further information contact:

Hingwo Tsang
Global Information and Innovation Manager
Tel:(+852) 2774 7420

Renata Rodrigues

CRS Research and Development

Tel: +55 11 3883 8880



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