EU Battery Regulation Proposed as Replacement to Battery Directive

On December 10, 2020, the European Commission
published a legislative proposal that, if accepted, will replace the current Battery
Directive (2006/66/EC) with a legal framework for better sustainability,
traceability and circularity of battery production throughout a product’s life

This proposal forms an integral part of the
‘Green Deal’ – the European Union’s new growth strategy and covers all categories of battery, with the
regulation naming four types:

    • Portable
    • Automotive
    • Electric vehicle
    • Industrial

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The text lays down the following restrictions
and exemptions:


  • Batteries, whether or
    not incorporated into appliances, shall not contain more than 0.0005 % of
    mercury (expressed as mercury metal) by weight.
  • Batteries used in vehicles to which Directive
    2000/53/EC applies shall not contain more than 0.1% of mercury (expressed as
    mercury metal) by weight in homogeneous material.


  • Portable batteries, whether or
    not incorporated into appliances, shall not contain more than 0.002% of cadmium
    (expressed as cadmium metal) by weight.
  • This restriction shall not apply
    to portable batteries intended for use in:

      • Emergency
        and alarm systems, including emergency lighting
      • Medical
  • Batteries used in vehicles to
    which Directive 2000/53/EC applies shall not contain more than 0.01% of cadmium
    (expressed as cadmium metal) by weight in homogeneous material. (Not applicable
    to vehicles exempted on the basis of Annex II to Directive 2000/53/EC)

The proposal also sets out requirements for
sustainability and safety, including:

  • Carbon footprint of electrical
    vehicle batteries and rechargeable industrial batteries
  • Content of recovered materials –
    cobalt, lead, lithium and nickel
  • Electrochemical performance and
  • Detachability and replaceability
  • Safety
  • Labelling and information requirements
  • Treatment and recycling

Additionally, the proposal lays down two different
conformity assessment procedures depending on the product requirement to be

  • Internal production control
    (module A), or
  • Internal production control plus
    supervised verification (module A1) which involves a Notified Body.

The EU’s Battery Directive (2006/66/EC) came
into force in September 2008. The new regulation, when/if it comes into force,
will apply from January 1, 2022, with specific implementation dates for
requirements. It is expected the current directive will become invalid on July
1, 2023, with the exception of certain provisions.

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SGS helps companies deliver well-designed, functional, durable and safe
products to their customers. They have the electrical and electronic industry
regulatory and technical expertise to provide testing services for abuse,
benchmarking, durability, electrical, electromagnetic compatibility (EMC),
environmental, life cycle analysis, performance, safety standards and
transportation on cells, batteries and modules.
Learn more about SGS’s Battery Testing


keep you up to date with the latest news and developments in the consumer goods
industry. Read the full
Battery Regulation Proposal Released to Replace the Battery Directive (2006/66/EC)


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